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Of Fishnets and Fully Automatic Weapons

I saw Sucker Punch yesterday.

And I really liked it.

Which actually came as something of a surprise to me, since I generally tend to agree with the reviews over at io9 when it comes to saying mean things about movies, and Sucker Punch got a solid thumbs down there.

Now, part of it might be that I went into the movie with extremely low expectations. I'd already read a couple of reviews which, to summarize with nice words, characterized the movie as completely vacuous. And boring. I actually felt more than a little shocked that I found it neither boring, nor vacuous.

Now, to be clear, I am in no way claiming that Sucker Punch is a great movie. It's no Inception. But as Zack Snyder movies go, this one was - as expected - extremely pretty, and much, much better than, say, 300. If you like that sort of eye candy, I think it's worth spending the money to see it. If you don't like that kind of movie, don't waste your time.

Also, the soundtrack is excellent.

I've got a few thoughts about it, so there are going to be SPOILERS all over the place. You have been warned.

In General
I don't regret spending $8.50 or two hours of my afternoon to see this movie. In fact, I really enjoyed it, and found most of the action sequences quite exciting. A lot of the movie - and not just the action sequences - really did make me think of anime. While the action, especially the first sequence with the huge samurai robots, obviously owe a lot to the tropes of anime, a lot of the narrative logic put me in mind of anime as well. And since I have a record of really liking anime, I think I was a lot more willing to to just accept certain things about the story and the way it went. I also most definitely did not find the non-action sequences boring.

So, About That Whorehouse Thing
I've seen a lot of snippy commentary about Babydoll "escaping" into a bordello as her first layer of fantasy. I would agree that it doesn't make sense for that fantasy to be an escape. However, it also really didn't strike me as an actual mental escape for a character, but rather a fantasy in which she was attempting to make sense of the way she and the other women were being treated in the mental institution.

It's made very clear at the end of the movie that Blue Jones, the super creepy orderly that sports a sad little pornstache in Babydoll's bordello fantasy, has been sexually abusing Babydoll in the real world. Which I think also heavily implies that the other girls who are shown being abused or used by men in the bordello fantasy were also being abused by those same men in reality. I think that in light of the story, it's reasonable for Babydoll to make sense of that real-world sexual abuse by transforming the hospital into a bordello - because while the bordello is still a prison, it's at least a prison environment where it makes some kind of twisted sense for the men to be using the women in that way.

Blue Pornstache was incredibly creepy. Beyond his basic concept as an orderly that abuses powerless mental patients, he had some excellently evil dialog in his guise as the bordello's owner. In a scene near the end, he scares the hell out of the women (and then murders two of them) while going off on a classic abuser rant that left me squirming in my seat - not because it was badly done, but because the character was just such a horrific person. He verbally sets up a false situation where the women are somehow in a "partnership" with him (instead of being his victims) and not keeping up their end of the "bargain," which means they're forcing his hand and giving him no choice but to, you know, shoot them.

Ugh. The actor did a good job. It's a wonder he could stand to be in the same room as himself.

I also think it's interesting that we don't actually ever hear Babydoll speak outside of the fantasy bordello world. (At least not that I recall after a single viewing.) I think that's partially because in her own fantasy, she has more strength and control. While obviously she and the other girls are still very much abused prisoners within the pretend bordello, turning them from mental patients in to whores at least allows them to use their sexuality as a weapon. Because in most [patriarchy-owned] narratives, the only women who get to make use of their sexuality in any way are whores.

So with the bordello as the coping-fantasy, then the action sequences become the actual escape-fantasy. I suppose it's where Babydoll mentally runs off to when she's doing something so personally destructive that she can't even handle it in the context of bordello. And that's the place where the women are all a kick-ass, elite team that are accomplishing their goals in a way that they can perhaps feel some pride in.

Though I Will Say One Thing About the Sexy Costumes
In the action sequences, there were sexy costumes. But what struck me was how... unsexy everything but the sexy costumes were. Which I actually really, really appreciated. The sexy costumes just sort of became the idea of a uniform for each of the girls. I found that very interesting... because it made the thing feel stylized rather than titillating.

All that said, I think that anyone who claims that this movie is somehow about female empowerment needs to have their head examined. Or possibly needs to get sent to a remedial women's studies class. Or maybe both.

The basic argument seems to be that there is female empowerment in the movie because:
a) Women with guns
b) Women take control of their own sexuality by the end (NOTE: they don't.)
c) In the end, the women win because Sweet Pea escapes and survives.

This really, really makes me think of the feminist discussion around the Stieg Larsson novels. For a discussion about that, I recommend this review at the f-word. (In which I think she makes some very valid points, though I am not in 100% agreement - please see these comments for some clarification.)

While I'm sure lovers of Larsson's novels and I could go at it for days about me comparing his books to Sucker Punch, the angle that the claim of female empowerment comes from is the same for both book and movie. Which is basically that the backdrop is one where women are tortured/abused/murdered/etc, and female empowerment comes in the form of a woman surviving/escaping/taking revenge/taking control of her own sexuality. In the case of Sucker Punch, we have Sweet Pea escaping, triumphing over abuse by surviving, and Babydoll also gets her own sort of revenge by being released from the bonds of the real world via lobotomy and sets off a series of events that get her abuser brought to justice. Neither of these things ultimately help out the other women, who all get murdered.

I think that there is something very valid to the narrative of triumph over one's abusers by surviving them. I think there's also a lot to be said for revenge fantasies - the desire to take vengeance on one's abuser is a powerful one, whether the victim is male or female, and no matter what sort of abuse is occurring. But I also think that it's very sloppy to equate those things with empowerment because it still presupposes a world where abuse is the norm and the victims defenseless. Melanie Newman (who wrote the post I linked to previously on the f-word) makes the point so well, I'm just going to quote her:

Or they may reflect the authors’ belief that if only females would stop acting as ‘victims’ and discover their own capacity for violence, the aggression visited on them by men would disappear. Kotker concluded that the message of Patterson’s First to Die, was that “the abuse of women can be defeated by brave women acting in concert to do so.” The solution thus lies in women’s hands, relieving men of the responsibility.

I think that's a point that could be applied here.

So, what would the for reals female empowerment version of Sucker Punch look like? Honestly, I have not clue one. Considering the basic premise of the movie - women trapped in a mental institution where they are abused by their male caretakers - I don't know if it would be possible to write that into a narrative of true female empowerment. At the very least, I don't think you can call it empowerment if the woman who survives is the exception, rather than the rule.

But the thing is, I also think that's just fine... as long as it's actually understood that this isn't what empowerment looks like.

It's a pretty movie where women shoot and stab things. Occasionally at the same time. It's got an interesting concept and a great soundtrack. I specifically bought a small popcorn so I could munch along with the movie, because that's just the sort of film it is. There's really no need to make it out as more than that, is there?


( 27 comments — Leave a comment )
Mar. 29th, 2011 12:42 am (UTC)
I've been missing movies left and right in the theaters, but with you titling your review "Of Fishnets and Fully Automatic Weapons" you did a better job promoting the movie than any of their trailers. I'm not sure if its the fact I've been cleaning the Garage all day and brain dead action sounds appealing, or the fact you implied they put enough plot. I wouldn't have guessed it from the trailers, however I know you are much more demanding of the quality of the movies script than I am.
Mar. 29th, 2011 12:46 am (UTC)
Forgot to log in
Sorry the last post was me.
Mar. 29th, 2011 06:00 am (UTC)
Re: Forgot to log in
People seem to either love the movie or hate it. I liked it enough that I'd be willing to see it again in theaters. Mike liked it well enough, but not so well that he's interested in ever seeing it again, if that helps give you a better sense of the thing.

I think mostly I liked it because:
a) It was super pretty. Because it's a Zack Snyder movie.
b) I found it interesting enough for a variety of reasons that I wanted to write a giant post about it. So interesting enough that I'm actually thinking about it.
Apr. 1st, 2011 11:58 am (UTC)
Re: Forgot to log in
My new roommate wasn't sure if she liked it or not for about 3 days. This told me she didn't, but she claims B-. I think the movie still has her confused. Shge said it was mostly the trailers didn't do a good job of selling what the movie was. I'll find out Sunday or Monday. The more bits and pieces I hear while avoiding your declared spoiler section the moe curiosity draws me in.
Apr. 1st, 2011 02:20 pm (UTC)
Re: Forgot to log in
I do know that some people found it quite confusing, though I don't know why... obviously, since I didn't find it confusing myself. XD I'll be interested to hear what you think.
Apr. 3rd, 2011 10:13 pm (UTC)
Re: Forgot to log in
I didn't find it confusing once we got to the end, that wrapped it up nicely. However, I still don't know what I think about it. I think because it was promoted as an action flick of awesome and imagination, I went in expecting that and got something else entirely. I wanted my action flick ending and got something else. It isn't... bad. It just... isn't... an action flick.

I suppose this is my Anti-Legion. I went into Legion thinking it would be an angel flavored apocalypse movie and got something a little deeper. I loved that. Sucker Punch I went in expecting a steampunk/anime flavored action movie and got something a little deeper, and I don't know what I think about that. I guess I wanted my happy ending and didn't quite get it. It left me disconcerted.

It was pretty, awesome, enjoyable, and sheer AWESOME up until the last ten minutes. And then I think a lot. And then I think some more. And then I move into pondering. I still have no idea what I think. It is worth seeing. I think a lot of movies I don't necessarily like are worth seeing.
Mar. 29th, 2011 02:37 am (UTC)
hm, not that I love Larsons books, but comparing them to Suckerpunch or, like that blog does, to Patterson's books is beyond me, and makes me really think that a lot of things are misunderstood.

F-word can suck it actually. She/they got a lot of things wrong, including Larsons will and what was intended with it. But if Sin or anyone else comes and gleefully asks me again about "what's up with Larson" and "girls" or "women" in Swedish writing, I'll smack someone.

This book is vastly over-discussed, badly translated (probably due to wanting to have them out on the market fast) and has lead to pretty gross misunderstandings on everything, including Swedish society. Perhaps American society should for once devote a blog to exploring why, among a market of fairly many translated Scandinavian writers, American readers choose to discuss THESE books as they do, while the rest of the Scandinavian writers are basically left alone, except by avid readers (as opposed to mainstream best seller readers). In Sweden Larson, while also being a best seller, isn't discussed at all as being feminist or even among the great writers, he's considered a hard boiled murder/thriller writer, period.

I thought Sucker Punch was pretty lame, down to the very make up of the dolls playing in it, but I wasn't irritated by it, since I too didn't have any high expectations. But some people who went with me were pretty pissed.

ETA: and honestly, I would respect Sucker Punch a tad bit more if they at least showed a bit of the raping, not in detail but at least more than the prettied-up implications. But I won't start analyzing all the logical holes and fallacies in that movie, it would take too long.

Edited at 2011-03-29 02:41 am (UTC)
Mar. 29th, 2011 03:35 am (UTC)
Sad, but true
Not having read the book I can't judge how key the scene was, but rape doesn't seem like a plot element one uses w/o intending to generate a visceral reaction. Unfortunately it has been decided that Americans can't handle unpleasantness in their entertainment. It's even rationed in our news since 9-11(likely before that was when I noticed it being excessive.). The strength of emotional reaction it would generate would make too many people uncomfortable, and we wouldn't want that.
My opinion is tell the story that was written and adjust the rating. Then again R movies make less money than PG13, because they exclude the teen audience.
Mar. 29th, 2011 03:55 am (UTC)
Re: Sad, but true
Rape is prevalent in the first Millennium book, once in the story of one of the main characters, and then mentioned several times in the case the two main characters investigate (since the cold case murders were committed by a sexual sadist), in the other two millennium books it doesn't play any role at all, which is something, Melanie Newman, bless her "feminist" heart fails to mention in her analysis.

I find several flaws in Larson's books, but misogyny is not one of them, but I think I'll devote a separate post about that in my own journal at some point, as to not litter Katsu's post here anymore.

But with Sucker Punch and the like, I find it grossly disingenuous to commit rape in the story, but prettify all the aesthetics around it, so that the viewer gets sedated by the nice music and nice guns/legs/hair etc.
That's not the way I want a story told. I want the gritty and dirty, not necessarily shown in painful detail, but at least realistically glimpsed, and I don't think it is misandry or misogyny when a man or a woman protagonist gets hit by it by a male or a female writer/director.
Mar. 29th, 2011 06:05 am (UTC)
Re: Sad, but true
Dude, are we having our first fight over a Zack Snyder movie? :D

Also, I double checked the rating on the movie, and Rich is right, it's a PG-13, so they definitely couldn't have gotten more graphic than they did and still maintained the rating. It's kind of a sad fact that we're way more comfortable with heaping violence into a movie accessible to teenagers than we are with any sort of sexuality, consensual or not. Yay, America.

Thinking about it, the only rape-ish thing that happens is when the cook corners Rocket. Which is then interrupted. But considering most of the movie takes place in Babydoll's coping fantasy, I also think it makes sense that the character would be glossing over the really horrible details, and the one almost-rape that happens in her mind gets stopped - by her. Probably to go the direction you'd want, there would have needed to be a lot more "real world" stuff. Which might've worked out, might not have, no idea.

Which then also gets in to over-analyzing a movie that probably can't take a whole lot of analyzing.

Edited at 2011-03-29 06:08 am (UTC)
Mar. 29th, 2011 03:52 pm (UTC)
Re: Sad, but true
Noooo! I'm actually a little embarrassed that I might sound butthurt or something. I think what made me a little irritated about the rape thing (and I certainly don't think it needs to be graphic, but it could be implied at least in a coherent sense) is when the movie moves out of Babydoll's head and shows mustache tyrant guy as an orderly at the sanatorium, and it finally dawned on me that he had taken girls out to that room to use them. I don't even think it dawns on large parts of the viewers at all. There are also other huge gaps in the story which I find majorly problematic.

While I didn't hate the movie (and don't love the books), it was still an odd comparison to me, with the girl with the dragon tattoo, where the movie came out as superior. I could probably still make a case where the movie is argued to be supremely more disingenuous. I can't however argue with you liking the movie and not the book.

I like you a lot, even when you are wrong! And in art, as you know, there is a wrong and a right side, and nothing in between!

Edited at 2011-03-29 03:56 pm (UTC)
Mar. 29th, 2011 04:41 pm (UTC)
Re: Sad, but true

I think part of it could be an expectation gap. I went in to Sucker Punch expecting it to be total shit, and came out pleasantly surprised. On the other hand, I read Girl With the Dragon Tattoo after it had been seriously built up to me by a lot of people, and... well, you know how I felt about it in the end.

I also would never set myself up as some sort of person with high movie standards. If nothing else, I tend to not enjoy deep, thinky movies (the sort that win Academy Awards), and what's my favorite "I'm depressed and need a pick-me-up" movie? Scary Movie. That alone probably disqualifies me from ever having an opinion worth listening to about movies. XD I also tend to be way harder on books than on movies, I think. Probably because I put a lot more time in to reading a book than I do watching a movie. Who knows.
Mar. 29th, 2011 04:51 pm (UTC)
Re: Sad, but true
Well, I seem to remember agreeing with many things you wrote in a review of the book once, but as a feminist, I wince in embarrassment when I read Newman's article. She is what we in my old feminist group used to call "bad cliche rabies feminist" and we devoted ourselves to clear the name of feminism in public media, from those.
In logical facts, I also find a lot of huge problems with Newman's article, but I think Mosby covers the gist of that in his review.
Mar. 29th, 2011 05:00 pm (UTC)
Re: Sad, but true
Really, my main point of agreement with Newman is her pointing out that the presentation of a female victim revenge fantasy as "empowering" or "feminist" is problematic and BS-y; she states that particular point a lot more coherently than any other posts I've read about it. (Not that I'm Little Ms. Widely Read these days.)

Where that comes back to Sucker Punch is that Zack Snyder himself has been claiming the movie is about empowerment, along with something to the effect of the ladies taking control of their sexuality at the end. (THEY DON'T.) Which sure makes me wonder about him.
Mar. 29th, 2011 05:18 am (UTC)
Well, I'd say Americans choose to discuss those particular books because hey, they're the ones that were getting publicized. Also, (by Americans) they're the ones that are being put forth as some sort of great female empowerment revenge story. Which, having read the book - mistranslated or not - I certainly don't agree with. People are going to discuss the bestselling stuff a lot more than the less well known stuff for exactly those reasons - the best selling stuff is more widely read and advertised.

However, I would also certainly hope that no one takes their views of that book and assumes all Swedish literature would be like that. Any more than someone would read a Patterson novel and assume all American literature is like that. I know I'm certainly not.

I'm glad they didn't get graphic with any of the abuse. Because frankly, I don't need my face rubbed in something like that to understand that it's happening, and that it's bad. Considering the style of the entire movie, putting a more graphic rape into it would have made rape look far better than it deserves and would not have added anything.
Mar. 29th, 2011 04:07 pm (UTC)
But actually, there are several Scandinavians mystery writers who have sold very well in the US for a long time, and long before Larson's books. Henning Mankell's books are a good example (filmed with Kenneth Brannagh as Wallander), there are always many of them in any B&N or Borders and they bring new ones in all the time. Same with Anne Holt and some others, but for some reason the Larson books are the ones who suddenly get to represent Scandinavia and feminism in many people's eyes. (not yours, for which I'm thankful!)

Åsa Larsson (no relation to Stieg, just a very common last name), is another such writer, who is widely translated, and whom I'd recommend. She is a superior writer to Stieg Larsson, but only avid mystery readers in the US know about her, while in Sweden she is considered much much better. (and they've made films of her books as well)

Edited at 2011-03-29 04:09 pm (UTC)
Mar. 29th, 2011 04:50 pm (UTC)
You know what this really does make me think of? The whole thing with Twilight and how much that barf-inducing series gets discussed. (Not that I'm claiming Larsson's books have anything in common with Twilight. I may not have liked Girl With the Dragon Tattoo, but it did not actively erode my IQ while I was trying to read it.) Because Twilight was fricking awful and there were several other amazing (and popular) YA series that were coming out at the same time, but they kind of got ignored for the purposes of discussion because everyone was so busy having paroxysms about sparkly vampires and horrifying stalker relationships presented as romance. Maybe there's just a sort of critical combination of popularity, factors within the book that can be picked on, and people wanting to pick on them.

I've also noticed about myself that I have a tendency to talk/write way more about stuff I either disliked or liked but thought was very imperfect. Between this entry and the comments, I've probably now written ten times as much about Sucker Punch as I did about Inception. And while I may have liked Sucker Punch, it had some deep flaws - and even without them, I would never in a million years compare it to Inception, which is a movie I still adore.

Which makes me wonder if the other Scandanavian authors get ignored for discussions like this because they're just too good. (Not that I'd know, having never read any of them.) Once a book or movie hits a certain level of awesomeness, all you can really say about it is variations of, "Well, I thought that was pretty darn good."
Mar. 29th, 2011 04:57 pm (UTC)
You're definitely on to something there. I also think that Twilight taps into something that female teens feel really compelled by, just as Larsson's books taps into something which various adult readers are compelled by. In Larsson's case, what makes me forgive the books in certain areas (while still keeping me from truly liking them), is the societal context analysis. Maybe that's something which is lost a bit in the whole other mess when they are analyzed, but there is a lot of context not related to the violence or the main characters personas, which hold some value.

In any case, you are on to something, and I think that publicists and publishing houses are good at tapping into this "something" that is compelling to certain reader groups, while they are not necessarily always good at tapping into quality.

Edited at 2011-03-29 04:58 pm (UTC)
Mar. 29th, 2011 06:04 pm (UTC)
When I've chewed over the books with my mom (unlike me, she likes them) she's made some good points about a more sex-positive society being presented, which I think is true. There's also some interesting stuff about business corruption, I think, but it really gets buried.

And yes, totally agree. Popularity sells books. Quality doesn't necessarily.

Edited at 2011-03-29 06:05 pm (UTC)
Mar. 29th, 2011 03:05 am (UTC)
Here is an opinion by Steve Mosby, British crime novelist, on Melanie Newman's piece in the F-word, and I share his sentiments completely, down to the very "fuck off" comment on some of Newman's bs. Of course she has certain points, but since she is shooting off the world's largest broadside, it would be hard to not get something right.

And as a Swede, I can tell you that the implications in her take on the tragedy with Larson's will, are not only false, but downright dirty. She's a rightwing asshole and a feminist, shocker...
Mar. 29th, 2011 05:23 am (UTC)
I think Mosby's done a good post, and it's worth thinking on, so thanks for pointing it out. Having re-read both, I do agree with his point #4 for the most part, which does make me rethink some of Newman's assertions. However, I also think there's a kind of fuzzy line where a rape within a story can cross from being part of the story to being exploitative. I think that line is probably also different for each reader.

Also, having thought on it, I've modified my post slightly. If nothing else, one thing I never agreed with from Newman was her assertion that Dean Koontz's writing is fundamentally misogynistic... I just wasn't paying good enough attention to that when I grabbed the quote.

Edited at 2011-03-29 05:26 am (UTC)
Mar. 29th, 2011 04:28 pm (UTC)
I think violence and rape or anything being called exploitative in art today, has to go to a certain encyclopedic length or description to qualify. Honestly, while the rape of Salander is bad, I've read just as bad by PD James, Cromwell and certainly by Minette Walters herself, a supremely known (and adapted into film) British crime writer, which Newman, in her hypocrisy doesn't mention at all, in spite of her widely sold books containing far worse than anything in Larsson's 3 novels. And that dame has been going on for 2 decades almost and sells like ice cream in Sahara.

I just think there is such a huge elephant of hypocrisy in the room, where Newman farted out that article, and I somehow can't shake the smell.
Mar. 29th, 2011 04:55 pm (UTC)
Well, to be fair, I've got no idea whose books Newman has and hasn't read. At a certain point, you just have to kind of comment on what you've read and won't necessarily go searching to see if you can find things that are better/worse. (Which does tie in to me picking on poor Stieg Larsson again instead of bringing up a literary example that might be more apt, because I haven't personally read any that leapt to mind.) But since it's not like I know Newman personally... who knows.
Mar. 29th, 2011 05:03 pm (UTC)
As I said, your own, once written analysis was far more intelligent than Newmans, and you leaning into Newman...felt to me like an afterthought, like you wanted to be a little more angry at the book just because.

As for Newman, she is a journalist who writes a review in the murder thriller genre, she mentions a couple of other male writers in the same genre, and she fires off a pretty large broadside of accusatory analysis. It is her damn DUTY to be knowledgeable in the field she is diving into with such vehemence, or she can just bug off to write about other things she knows more about. Mosby is right, when he accuses her of hypocrisy, the female authors mentioned as comparable and worse than Larsson in violence are not obscure, but huge bestseller authors who have won many prizes and been adapted many times.
Mar. 29th, 2011 06:07 pm (UTC)
Naw. I don't feel at all angry, though I suppose Newman sounds quite angry. I'm just mostly interested in the question of "does X in a story make it 'empowering' to women?" Though of course, I think at some point we would also need to really define what we mean by empowering.

And if Newman is a journalist and that's her beat, defense withdrawn. A pathetic monkey with a blog like me has much more of an excuse to talk out of my ass.
Mar. 29th, 2011 03:17 am (UTC)
I think it's very hard to find a view of female empowerment in the media.
I mean if we go straight to the top of the heap we have Wonder Woman, who was created by a bondage artist who wanted a guaranteed pay check from writing comics and admitted openly he just wanted to draw pretty women tied up. She is super strong, raised by super strong women, and despite being able to fly has an invisible flying jet (which always struck me as some kind of joke) to make things worse most of the golden and silver age comic covers showed her tied to giant phallic objects like missiles.
But here's the kicker, she loses her powers when she is tied by a man, seriously
It's only in the last year she actually got some trousers! and now the new series is coming out putting her into what appears to be a porn star outfit and the fanboys are already commenting that it has the potential for camel toe

Star Trek another bastion for women's rights showed Yeoman Rand using her phaser to make coffee, Uhura didn't do much but answer the phone and everyone else existed for more senior crew members to ineffectually flirt with

(On the other hand Kim Possible is a great female role model, she can do anything, and does it without complaining!)

How can anyone present a strong female character, if a woman does it it's a mary sue, and if a man does it it's to offset his apparently blatant mysoginy

I watched Burlesque, my feminity felt challenged, I had to do girly tihngs to compensate.... it was like all the feminism had been sucked out of my body and shot into Cher's lips!
Mar. 29th, 2011 05:31 am (UTC)
I think there's always going to be a discussion as to what would characterize a good "female empowerment" story. If nothing else, anything in mainstream media is going to be subjected to a patriarchal narrative because that's still the dominant narrative. I think there are definitely some great characters out there for that sort of narrative - Zoe in Firefly springs instantly to mind, though I'm sure there are also people who would complain that she was second in command - but it really seems like a continuum.

I think it's ultimately more important to just be able to point out when something is definitely not empowering. Though that doesn't necessarily make it any less valid as a story, either... it's just got a different purpose.
( 27 comments — Leave a comment )

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